Israel’s status as a technological superpower is based on innovation, entrepreneurship and research and development that has brought about the rise of tech centers throughout Israel. Some centers focus on specific areas of industry, and some of them were established outside the center Israel in order to cut costs and develop the industry in that region. “Silicon Wadi” is the name given to the various development centers scattered along the Israeli coast. It is not surprising that that name mimics the world’s leading innovation center the Silicon Valley, as Israel itself has been chosen as the world’s most important hub for technology and innovation after the Silicon Valley in the US.
Many high-tech centers are scattered around the country. In the center of Israel such centers are found in cities such as Raanana, Rosh Ha’ayin, Petah Tikva and Herzliya. In the north, Migdal Tefen, Caesarea, and Migdal-Haemeq and in the south of Israel l Kiryat-Gat, and Dimona – these are just a few examples, besides which many other smaller centers can be found. In addition to the hi-tech centers mentioned, Israel can be divided into an ecosystem of innovative centers. These include a connection between educational centers, government and entrepreneurs that result in the development of many startups, and international development centers. Such centers of innovation include Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa, Be’er Sheva and Carmiel.
Tel Aviv has the largest and most important innovated ecosystem. The existence of institutions of higher education, coupled with Israel’s leading business and financial centers and the vibrant atmosphere of the city has brought about the foundation of thousands of startups ranging from such areas as financial tech, security, biotechnology and medical devices. Tel Aviv is also home to a greenhouse of shared workspaces that serve the purpose of connecting entrepreneurs and budding companies. The city of Be’er Sheva, a relatively new technology eco System chose to focus in two areas: Biotechnology and cyber security. Together with the international biotechnological center which was established in Ben Gurion University, a cluster of companies, hospitals and research centers were set up and designed to support the development of the biotechnological industry in the area. In the coming years the establishment of the e National Cyber Security Facility is expected to be realized.
As the largest city in Israel, it was only natural that Jerusalem will be required to develop a high-tech industry. Adjacent to the Hebrew University, and the Hadassah Hospital, and within close proximity of key Governmental offices, and, most importantly, the existence of man power brought about the foundation of a local cluster of innovation in Jerusalem. This cluster is mainly located in Har Hahotzvim close to the western entrance of the city. Haifa with leading institutions such as the Technion and the University of Haifa has also established and developed a cluster of innovation projects that will be expanded in the coming years as the existing hi-tech park is expanded to support the life sciences industry. The expertise developed in the last several years from these hi-tech centers has resulted in the signing of partnership agreements between Israel and China. The result of these agreements was the establishment of an industrial park in Jiangtsu China that will encourage Israeli companies to develop and promote Chinese technologies. The park will house labs, offices and a technology production center and is due to open sometime in2015.