Israel is a country that is topographically diverse in so many ways, including having an over abundance of valleys. These valleys spread from the very northern parts of Israel down to the south, and can be very different in its geographic, plant and wildlife attributes from one another. Israel has over 30 valleys and most of these were used for settling purposes throughout history. To name a few: Beer-Sheva, Ovda and Timna in the south, Uno in the country’s center and the monk’s valley in Jerusalem area, each one having its own unique characteristics. We have chosen to focus on some valleys to the north of Israel because of their stunning and historical character.
The largest valley in Israel is the Yarden valley that spreads from north Israel all the way to the northern part of the Dead Sea into the very the heart of Israel. The valley is a part of the Syria-African rift that continues all the way to Africa, and in which flows the Jordan River marking the eastern border of Israel with Jordan. The Jordan valley has always been inhabited throughout history and archeological findings show ancient settlements dating back millions of years ago. In the Jordan River there is a site named “Kasr el yahud” which is sacred for both the Jewish and Christian people and is where, according to belief the Israelites crossed on their way to ancient Israel. It is also believed to be the place of baptism of Jesus by Jochanan. The significance of this site brings many pilgrims to bath in its sacred waters.
EmekIzrael (IzraelIsrael Valley) is the largest fertile valley in Israel, located in the north, between the mountains of the Galil and the Shomron. This valley is mentioned in the bible many times, from the period of the Mishna, Hatlmud. The valley is characterized by settlements and kibbutzim that offer a rural authentic experience of Israel that is completely different from the urban experience of Tel Aviv. All around the valley are vineyards, legacy centers, tourist’s locations, and farm houses that show the agricultural side of Israel. Here is where you will find incredible views, wide-open spaces and walking trips. Do not hesitate to contact the valley tourist’s society which includes about 120 tourist sites.
The Beit-Shean valley is located on the eastern side of Emek-Izrael. While Emek-Izrael is known for its green vegetation, Beit-Shean valley offers more of a desert climate. In this desert-like environment you will find many springs, which earned the valley its nickname “Spring Valley”, same as Ein-Muda, Ein-Shokek, and the Kubuzim Creek. You can also enjoy a wide variety of activities in the valley, such as restaurants, trips, creeks, archeology, extreme sports and more. One of the most beautiful sites is in the actual city of Beit-Sheanty. This offers remnants of the Roman culture in Israel where you can walk along ancient streets, see the bath houses, and experience the massive roman theater in the center of the city. At night you can experience a special light show in the ancient city- an experience worth having.