We have already mentioned that Israel, which is often referred to as a startup nation, is a technological power. Many technologies and products that have been developed in Israel are used in every facet of across the globe today. We have chosen to illustrate five technologies originating from Israel that have transformed the world
Technologies in Israel
Many irrigation technologies have been developed by Israel, but the most famous are drippers. In a country where water is constantly in short supply and which is located in a arid region, Israel has had to invent solutions for a shortage of water and for its prevailing weather in order to support the country’s agriculture. In 1959, an experimental dripper system was installed and after the success of crops using this new drip irrigation system, Industrial scale distribution of the product started in 1966. The uniqueness of drippers is the water flow. Water is run and released in small currents next to the plant through plastic pipes.
Cherry tomatoes, which are to be found in most kitchens in the world, were invented, believe it or not, in Israel. The Israeli climate demanded the development of a tomato that could resist Israel’s heat and a slower ripening process. Cherry tomatoes were developed by Nachum Keidar, a global expert in the development and cultivation of new tomato varieties – besides the cherry tomato Prof. Keidar has also developed tomatoes with a long shelf life and bunched tomatoes. For his many studies and his contribution to Israeli science, he won the Israel Prize. Besides the development of tomatoes, unique knowledge developed in Israel on crops in desert or very arid conditions has been used by many countries that learn from Israeli researchers and farmers.
Has anyone not had a portable memory device that they take everywhere? Indeed, the disk on key, or stick, or FlashDrive, as it is called elsewhere, was invented in Israel too. This small device allows people to carry a large amount of digital information anywhere and was developed by Dov Moran who single handedly changed the digital storage industry. The device, which was invented in 1999, changed users approach to data storage and transformed the market and computer industry. Today, the disk on key, which started at 32 Mb, comes now in terabyte sizes, something that appeared to be science fiction but a few years ago
The Intel 8088 microprocessor that was invented in Israel in the 1970s was chosen to be the CPU for IBM’s personal computers. At that moment the microprocessor and personal computer revolution changed the world forever. Besides this microprocessor that was developed at laboratories in Haifa, many other microprocessors have been developed h allowing Intel to lead the computer chip industry that allowed for the massive development of personal computers. Only recently (June 2015), Intel declared a new microprocessor called Skylake, which again was developed in Israel for very thin computers that do not need a fan.
ICQ was the world’s first program to provide instant messaging services on the Internet. The company that was founded in 1996 showed innovations in the field throughout the years and has served as the basis for most instant messaging programs that we know of today. In 1998, the company was acquired by the American company AOL for what was then a record figure, 407 million dollars. At the beginning of its prominence, the program supported actions that were then revolutionary but which are taken for granted today. Capabilities such as chats between multiple simultaneous users, messaging to an offline friend, sending free cellular text messages to mobile phones from the software, an option for file transfer between users and more are now commonplace but were unique back then and were developed in Israel.
Besides these five small examples, products, services and concepts that have changed every field of life have been often developed in Israel. These advancements impacted such fields as physics, economics and chemistry (for which eight Israelis have won Nobel prizes) and are intended for the medical, defense, agriculture and many other industries.